Replacing Problematic Relays

Coursing through the copper, inside a myriad maze of wires stuffed into the nooks and crannies of the modern automobile is the electricity required to run primary systems such as the starter motor, and secondary gadgets, like heated rear view mirrors. Since different levels of electrical power are required for running some devices over others, the automobile incorporates a relatively old-school electromechanical device to activate more modern innovations.Isolating and Replacing Problematic Relays
Passing on the Power
This device, known as a relay, is essentially an electromagnetic switch that acts the same as one runner passing a torch on to the next in a "relay" race. When activated, the relay passes the signal on to send electricity flowing either this way or that—and the race begins. Insofar as automotive applications go, the relay usually passes the torch onto a bigger, faster, more powerful runner.

The good majority of relays in automobiles are used to channel a small amount of power in one circuit in order to trigger another, requiring a large amount of power, such as the tiny little electronic switch on a cabin climate control computer that activates the big old electromagnetic clutch on an air conditioning compressor. That being said, even fancy computers in modern cars still rely on the old-school electromechanical relay in order to make things work.

Recalcitrant Relays
For various reasons, not the least of which includes turning on and off thousands of times, and spending life in an environment that is alternately baking hot and freezing cold, relays may eventually stop working. When this happens, the switch to activate the heated seat may work fine, but the switch signal will stop at the relay and the big electrical power needed to heat up the coils under your hiney to keep your keister cozy will never be reached.

Posted on Monday, April 07, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

How to Painlessly Repair Your Vehicle's Broken Pane

So, you've noticed your window isn't there anymore, and Mother Nature is being more intimate with you. Maybe your stereo is missing, or pieces of trash are floating in during your commute. You probably need to check out the cost of window glass replacement. I called one auto glass repair business, but didn't like the amount they would charge to fix the problem. A bit more research via the net and I not only got a market price for a replacement window (one-third what the "professional" wanted), but also found a nearby auto-recycling center with one in stock.

Posted on Monday, April 07, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

10 Fast-Quick Ways to Increase Engine Performance

Getting More Power
From Your Engine Is Easier Than You Think

A lot of performance promises have been made since the advent of the internal combustion engine more than a century ago: miracle lubricants, gasoline additives, new-fangled carburetors, fire-injector spark plugs, and a host of other miracle paths to power—each with its own disappointments.
Increasing Engine Performance
But there are no free lunches in the world of high-performance engines. Engines are mostly about physics, math, and the process of turning heat energy into mechanical motion. So how to get more twist from that heat energy and rotary monkey motion? We’ve got 10 fast-quick and easy ways to increase your vehicle’s engine performance.
Posted on Thursday, April 03, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

Erase Chalky Paint for your Vehicle by Yourself

Polish your Paint to Look Like New 
Automobile paint is by far one of the toughest, most resilient, and flexible types of paint that exists. With proper care, the paint on your vehicle can withstand harsh weather, debris, burning hot sun, masses of flying insects, even kids—and still survive it all looking shiny and new. Even so, every Superman has his Kryptonite. 
Polish your Paint to Look like New
Don't Be Dull
The one thing that will dull an automobile paint finish is plain old neglect. The oils and chemicals that keep the paint shiny and tough can literally evaporate, leaving the paint dull and opening it up to oxidation. Oxidized paint loses its shine and ends up with a chalky looking layer on top of what was once a gorgeous finish. Once this process starts, and the paint is left unprotected for an extended period of time, paint surfaces can decay quickly past the point of no return. The reflective, shining, mirror-smooth tropical lagoon that was once the beautiful painted finish on your vehicle can be reduced to the cracked, arid, dusty, dry desert lake bed in less time than you might think. The good news is that if the paint has not gone too long without water and protection, it can be brought back to life with some modern chemicals and old-fashioned elbow grease.

Posted on Thursday, April 03, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

How can replacement Suspension Leg Complete

Suspension legs are an important part of suspension system.Its function is to cushion and absorb shocks and bumps and to keep the vehicle level on turns. After the stress or pressure exerted by the flexing of the spring has been removed, the spring returns to its original state. The spring does this by first absorbing and then releasing a certain amount of energy. The form of spring may be Air spring. Leaf springs, Coil springs, Torsion bars, or a combination of these.

Find Used Suspension Leg Complete Car Parts in UK

Search and Find guaranteed New and Second Hand Suspension Leg Complete Spares and Replacement Parts through our Car Breakers, Car Dismantlers, & Scrap Yards network. We can get you the best competitive prices on Suspension Leg Complete from Suspension Leg Complete suppliers. At AM Car Parts, you can source Suspension Leg Completes for all makes and models. We are specialized in German and Japanese cars Suspension Leg Completes in UK.
Posted on Thursday, April 03, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

General Motors CEO Provides Few Details In Appearance Before Congress

Mary Barra answered questions before a congressional subcommittee investigating General Motors years-long delay in initiating a recall of millions of vehicles that contained a defect that has killed at least 13 people. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

It was only two months ago that Mary Barra, freshly crowned as the new General Motors chief executive officer, visited Washington DC as an esteemed guest of First Lady Michelle Obama for the State of the Union address.

On Tuesday, Barra returned to the Capitol under more strained circumstances.

For more than two contentious hours, she took questions from members of a House of Representatives subcommittee investigating General Motors years-long delay in initiating a recall of millions of vehicles that contained a defect that has killed at least 13 people.

Why did GM accept faulty ignition switches that were below the company's set specfications? Why did GM learn about the problem in 2001 yet take no action until 2014? Will GM compensate victims' families even though the company's bankruptcy may limit its liability?

Those were a few of the questions members of the House Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee asked. Few concrete answers were forthcoming. For her part, Barra sidestepped most of the questions, saying she wouldn't have information needed to answer them until an internal review is completed. David Friedman, the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, testified after Barra.

The biggest news that emerged from the hearing was that General Motors has retained attorney Kenneth Feinberg to advise the company on its civil and legal responsibilities. He has made a career of resolving disputes and serving in a 'fixer' role, serving as the chief of the federal government's September 11th Victim Compensation Fund, as an administrator of compensation fund for victims of the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster and a similar fund for victims of the Boston Marathon bombing. Barra, who has been GM's CEO since January but been with the company since 1980, expects to meet with Feinberg on Friday, and have a concrete plan within the next 30-60 days.

Yet Barra would not say for certain Tuesday that GM would compensate the victims at all. Despite repeated questions from Rep. Diana DeGette (D-Colo.), Barra did not outline the company's intentions.

"I assume GM is hiring (Feinberg) to help identify the size of claims and then compensate the victims? Is that right," DeGette asked. "Is GM willing to put together some kind of a compensation fund for these victims that Mr. Feinberg will then administer?"

"We've hired him to help assess the situation," Barra replied.

"So really, there's no money involved at this point," DeGette asked.

"We have just hired him and will begin work with him Friday," Barra said.

"So really, you hired him and announced it today, but he has no ability to compensate victims," DeGette asked.

"We will work with him to determine what the right course of action is," Barra said.

"Might that include victim compensation?" DeGette asked.

"We haven't made any decisions on that," Barra said.

Verbal volleys like these went back and forth all afternoon, with Barra largely saying she needed to consult with Feinberg or wait until a final report from former U.S. attorney Anton Valukas is produced before she can provide specifics to the committee or a worried public. But little headway was made.

For all GM's statements about transparency since the ignition-switch recall began in February, it was difficult to find tangible evidence of that Tuesday. When asked by Rep. Peter Tonko (D-N.Y.) whether GM would share Valukas' full report with both the subcommittee and public, Barra would only say that GM would share what was "appropriate."

Family members of the 13 victims killed in defective cars sat in the rear of the chambers Tuesday, many either holding pictures of their loved ones or placing the pictures along a rear mantle. Earlier in the day, they stood outside the Capitol building and asked that Congress hold General Motors accountable for its failure to recall the vehicles in a timely manner. Documents released by the committee earlier this week showed that in March 2005, GM cited "tooling cost and piece price are too high" as reasons to avoid fix the part. On Tuesday, Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) said the per-vehicle costs associated with the fix were about $2.

"Rather than fixing the problem, they chose to keep producing the Cobalt with the ill-fated ignition switch and selling it to an unsuspecting public," said Ken Rimer, the stepfather of Natasha Weigel, who died from in a Cobalt crash on Nov. 4, 2006. "Needless deaths and injuries, especially when an inexpensive and easy fix was available, should not be the cost of doing business to auto manufacturers."

Barra is scheduled to testify in another hearing related to the ignition-switch defect Wednesday. The Senate Commerce Committee hearing begins at 10 a.m. On Thursday, GM is scheduled to submit its written responses to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for another related investigation.
Posted on Thursday, April 03, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

Electric vehicles history

Chevrolet Volt, plug-in hybrid
Electric vehicles have come a long way since General Motors produced the first modern electric automobile in 1996. With the recent introduction of the Chevrolet Volt and the Nissan Leaf, manufacturers of electric vehicles have made great strides in terms of technology and consumer acceptance. Electric cars are considered to be an important step towards reducing petroleum dependence, protecting the environment, and improving transportation sustainability. Many manufacturers have made major investments in electric automobile technology. The production of these vehicles will provide employment opportunities for many workers, particularly those with automotive manufacturing experience.
This report provides information on the relevant career fields in the production and maintenance of electric vehicles, including hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and all-electric vehicles.[1] The first sections explain the components and types of electric autos, followed by a section that profiles key occupations in the electric vehicle industry. This report focuses on occupations in research and development, manufacturing, maintenance, infrastructure development, and sales. The information for each occupation includes a brief job description; the credentials needed to work in these occupations, such as education, training, certification, or licensure; and wage data.

Brief history of electric vehicles

Posted on Thursday, March 13, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

Car Steering System.

Posted on Monday, February 24, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

Experience to buying used cars

Are you worried about buying a used car ? Then we present some easy tips so that you can know how to overcome your worries...

Do your own inspection.
Here's a checklist of things to look for when you inspect a used vehicle you're interested in buying.
If anything causes you concern or if you feel pressured into buying the vehicle, walk away from the sale.

Checking ID and vehicle records:
  Make sure that the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) on the dashboard identification plate matches the number on the vehicle registration form. Check that it has not been tampered with. If it has been tampered with, this may be a stolen vehicle. You should look for loose rivets, scratched numbers, mismatched rivets, screws in place of rivets, or tape, glue or paint over the VIN plate.

         It is also a good idea to have a licensed mechanic compare the VIN numbers on the doorpost and engine firewall.

Look at the original vehicle registration form, not a photocopy.
Check that the vehicle make, model and colour match the description on the vehicle registration form.
Make sure that the licence plate on the vehicle matches the plate number on vehicle registration form.
If you are in the Lower Mainland, ask to see an Air Care external link certificate. 

This certificate helps you determine that the vehicle is in good mechanical condition.
Look at the seller’s photo ID to make sure that the name on the registration form is the same as on the licence, and that the photo matches the person in front of you. Make sure the person has given you a valid home address and phone numbers.
Ask to see the service records for the vehicle. 
Stolen vehicles usually do not come with maintenance records. You might want to call the repair shop to verify that the maintenance work was done.
When purchasing a vehicle from the U.S., make sure it has not been in a flood. Flooded vehicles cannot be licensed or insured in B.C. For details, contact the Registrar of Imported Vehicles external link. 
Inspecting the vehicle:
Walking around the vehicle, look for the following items:
Evaluate the condition of the tires. For example, check if they are unevenly worn or balding.
Press down each corner of the vehicle. It should come to rest quickly. If it keeps bouncing, the shock absorbers may need replacing.
Check the trunk for spare tire, jack and wheel wrench.
Inspect the vehicle body for dents, signs of rust, ripples or signs of repainting, which might indicate recent body work.
If the seats, stereo and tires have been replaced with after-market equipment, ask the seller for receipts. This helps to verify that the items aren't stolen. (After-market equipment is equipment installed after a new vehicle is purchased.)
Check the odometer reading (average is 25,000 km/yr) to ensure is hasn't been tampered with.
Taking a road test:

           If you're still interested in the vehicle, take it for a test drive. Look for the following items:
Check that the vehicle starts immediately and idles smoothly once it has warmed up.
Check that the engine gauges and warning lights are working and that the steering does not stiffen up and bind. With power steering, there should be no squeaks or moans.
Check that the brakes feel firm.
Check that the vehicle can drive in a straight line without pulling to the side. Pulling to one side can indicate a problem with tire alignment.
Invest in a vehicle history report:
Although the seller may have maintenance records and receipts, it's still a good idea to do your own research.
A vehicle history report  can tell you a lot about a vehicle, such as whether it has had a damage claim (if records are available).
Have the vehicle inspected by a mechanic
After doing all of your homework, you need a mechanic to look under the hood. You will want to get a vehicle inspection report with a “passed” grade from a mechanic at a designated inspection facility.
To find an inspection facility near you, see the list of facilities external link posted on the B.C. government's Commercial Vehicle Safety and Enforcement website.
If the vehicle has been in any crashes, you can also have a licensed auto body shop take a look at the vehicle to make sure it is still structurally safe. These experts can also tell you if the vehicle has been in any crashes or has been rebuilt and, if so, that the work was done properly.
The seller may have an inspection report for you to help you feel more comfortable. Make sure it is from a designated inspection facility. Even if the seller has a report, it is still a good idea to take the vehicle to an inspection facility. It is always wise to do your own research. Buyer beware!
Hope these are usefull to you. And if u feel that these helped you then please share about us.
Posted on Monday, February 24, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More

How to programming the Chevy Silverado Key Fob Remote

A keyless entry remotes makes our lives easier by locking and unlocking the Silverado from up to 40 feet away. If you've purchased an additional remote, also known as a fob, you'll need to program it to sync with your truck.
Whether you own a 2001 or a 2010, follow these 7 easy steps and you'll have your Silverado remote programmed in five minutes.
Chevy Dashboard

If Your Silverado Doesn't have a Vehicle Information Center (pre-2007)

Step 1: Sit in the vehicle with all the doors closed and unlocked. Insert the key into the ignition. Do not turn the key until directed.
Step 2: Press and hold the Unlock button on the driver's side door. You will hear the locks make two clunking noises, indicating they have completed an unlock/lock cycle. Continue to hold down the Unlock button.
Step 3: While holding down the Unlock button, turn the key to the accessory power position then back to the off position. Repeat turning the key from the accessory power position to the off position for a total of two cycles.
Step 4: Release the Unlock button. Your Silverado will automatically cycle the locks as it did in Step 2.
Step 5: Simultaneously hold down the Lock and Unlock buttons on your fob for 15 seconds.
Step 6: Program any additional remotes for repeating Step 6 for each remote. Up to four remotes can be programmed.
Step 7: Exit programming mode by starting your Silverado. Turn off the vehicle and test your remotes.

If Your 2007-2010 Silverado Has a VIC - Vehicle Information Center

Step 1: Sit in the vehicle with all the doors closed and unlocked. Start your Silverado and leave it in Park.
Step 2: Press and hold the Vehicle Information button, marked by an image of a car and the letter "i", until the display reads "Press V to Relearn Remote Key".
Step 3: Press the Set/Reset button until "Remote Key Learning Active" appears.
Step 4: Simultaneously press and hold the Lock and Unlock buttons for 15 seconds. A chime will sound indicating the remote has been successfully programmed.
Step 5: Program additional remotes by repeating Step 4 for each fob.
Step 6: Exit programming mode by turning off the vehicle and removing the key.
Step 7: Test your remote(s).

If Your 2007-2010 Silverado Doesn't Have a VIC - Vehicle Information System

Step 1: Sit in the vehicle with all the doors closed and unlocked. Turn the key to Accessory Power position.
Step 2: Press the trip odometer meter reset stem repeatedly until you see "Relearn Remote Key".
Step 3: Press and hold the trip odometer meter stem for three seconds. The display will read "Key Learning Active".
Step 4: Simultaneously press and hold the Lock and Unlock buttons for 15 seconds. A chime will sound indicating the remote has been successfully programmed.
Step 5: Program additional remotes by repeating Step 4 for each fob.
Step 6: Exit programming mode by turning off the vehicle and removing the key.
Step 7: Test your remote(s).

If You Have a 2011-2014 Silverado

Bring your vehicle into your local dealership to have your remote(s) programmed.
When in doubt, check your owner's manual. Information on how to program your remote is located in the Driver's Information Center section.
Posted on Friday, February 21, 2014 / 0 Comment / Read More
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